My research program spans three main areas: (1) negotiation and mediation techniques, (2) peacebuilding and governance in post-conflict zones, and (3) dynamics of political violence and state repression.  These research programs intend to better understand our complex world and find informed solutions to political and humanitarian problems around the world.  My research tackles with founding questions such as why states repress their citizens and attempts to understand why coercion (rather than negotiation) is perceived as more effective in state and nation-building.  This then leads me to question how we can develop peacebuilding mechanisms that allow people to participate in these processes at the micro level. Often political elites overlook ordinary people’s interests which may result in dysfunctional governance systems and lead to societal unrest.