Modern Hatreds

The below paragraph is a succinct explanation of Stuart Kaufman’s ethnic war theory.


The necessary preconditions for ethnic war are ethnic myths and fears and the opportunity to act on them politically.Ethnic war occurs when the politics of ethnic symbolism goes to extremes, provoking hostile actions and leading to a security dilemma. In some cases, the turn toward extremism is mass led;  in other cases, it is elite led. Either way, war results from a process in which extremist politics and in-security mutually reinforce each other in an escalatory spiral.